EENI Global Business School

Arab Economic Area, Saudi Arabia, Qatar



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Syllabus of the Subject

Islamic Civilization. Arab Economic Area. Gulf Cooperation Council


  1. Introduction to the Arab Economic Area as a part of the Islamic Civilization
  2. Islam as the unifying factor of the Arab Economic Area
  3. Greater Arab Free-Trade Area (GAFTA)
  4. Economic Profile of the Arab Countries
  5. Businesspeople in the Arab Economic Area
  6. Interactions of the Arab Economic Area with the other economic areas and civilizations
  7. Economic institutions related to the Arab Economic Area


The objectives of the subject “Arab Economic Area” are the following:

  1. To define the economic characteristics of the Arab Economic Area
  2. To understand the influence of Islam on the Arab Economic Area
  3. To know the economic profile of the Arab Countries
  4. To understand the economic integration process in the Arab Economic Area
  5. To analyze the main Arab Businesspeople
  6. To explore the economic relationships with the others economic areas
  7. To analyze the main Economic Organizations related to the Arab Economic Area

Online Arab Student, Master International Business


The Subject “Arab Economic Area” belongs to the following Online Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Courses: Islam & Business.

Islam and Global Business. Islamic Economic Areas

Doctorate: Ethics, Religions & Business, Islamic Business, World Trade.

Doctorate in International Business (DIB) Online

Masters: International Business, Foreign Trade, Religions & Business.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB)

Languages: Masters, Doctorate, International Business, English or Study Doctorate in International Business in French Espace Arabe Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Espaço Árabe Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Espacio Árabe.

Download the Syllabus of the Subject “Arab Economic Area” (PDF).

  1. Credits of the Subject “Arab Economic Area”: 1 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: one week

Foreign Trade and Business in the Middle East

Business in the Middle East: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Emirates, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, and Yemen


Arab Economic Area.

The Arab Economic Area (Middle East) consists of twelve Arab Countries:

  1. The six countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC): Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the Emirates
  2. The six Arab Countries not members of the GCC: Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, and Yemen

Al-Rajhi Arabia

  1. Islam is the main religion of the Arab Economic Area
  2. There are Christian minorities in the region: The Eastern Catholic Churches (Chaldeans, Maronites)
  3. Arab is the main language in the region
  4. The largest economy (GDP) is Saudi Arabia and the Central State
  5. All the Arab Countries were former colonies (United Kingdom, Turkey, and France)
  6. Absolute instability in Syria

EENI delivers to HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal a Master Honoris Causa
HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal (Arabia) EENI Master Honoris Causa

The main Arab Businesspeople in the Arab Economic Area are HRH Prince Alwaleed bin Talal, Mohamed Bin Issa Al Jaber, Mohammed Hussein Ali Al-Amoudi, Yusuf Bin Ahmed Kanoo, Mohammed Al-Barwani, Jawad Ahmed Bukhamseen, Abdul Aziz Ghurair, Sulaiman Al-Rajhi, Majid Al Futtaim, Nasser Al Kharafi, and Nadhmi Shakir Auchi.

The main Arab Businesswomen of the Arab Economic Area are Lubna Olayan, Shaikha Al Bahar, Amina Al Rustamani, Shaikha Al Maskari, Maha Al-Ghunaim, Randa Ayoubi, Nayla Hayek, and Ayah Bdeir.

Arab Personalities: Lubna Bint Khalid Al Qasimi, Tawakkol Karman, Haifa Al-Mansour, Hayat Sindi, Reem Ebrahim Al-Hashimi, and Hanan Al Kuwari.

Islamic Organizations. Arab League

Economic Integration of the Arab Economic Area.

Market Access - Free Trade Agreements

The main Arab integration project is the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC).

  1. All the Arab Countries are members of the Greater Arab Free-Trade Area
  2. All the Arab Countries are members of the Economic Commission for Western Asia (ESCWA)

The main integration agreements with the others Islamic Economic Areas are:

  1. Trade Preferential System (OIC-TPS)
    1. The Arab Countries that have signed the Trade Preferential System (Framework Agreement + PRETAS + Rules of origin) are Bahrain, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and the Emirates
    2. Palestine only has signed the Framework Agreement + PRETAS
    3. Yemen is not a member of the Trade Preferential System
  2. Jordan is part of the Arab Mediterranean Agreement (with Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia)
  3. Jordan has trade agreements with Algeria, Libya, Malaysia, Turkey, and Tunisia

Economic Organizations related to the Arab Economic Area.

  1. OIC
    1. Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation
    2. Islamic Centre for Development of Trade
    3. Islamic Chamber of Commerce
    4. Economic and Social Research and Training Centre
  2. Islamic Development Bank
  3. Arab League

Arab Development Funds.

  1. Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development
  2. Arab Monetary Fund
  3. Arab Trade Financing Programme
  4. Saudi Fund for Development
  5. Arab Gulf Programme (AGFUND)
  6. Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development
  7. OPEC Fund for International Development
  8. Abu Dhabi Fund for Development

Interactions of the Arab Islamic Economic Area with the Western Civilization.

With the European  Economic Area.

  1. The EU
    1. The EU has trade agreements with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and Syria
    2. Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine and Syria are members of the European Neighborhood Policy of the EU
    3. Yemen is a beneficiary of the Generalized System of Preferences and the European Investment Bank of the EU
    4. Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria are members of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership
  2. The European Free Trade Association has trade agreements with the GCC, Jordan, Lebanon

With the American Economic Area.

  1. North American
    1. The U.S. has trade agreements with Oman, Bahrain, and Jordan
    2. Canada has a Trade Agreement with Jordan
  2. Latin American
    1. All the countries of the Arab League are part of the Summit of South American-Arab Countries
    2. The Gulf Cooperation Council plans to sign an agreement with the MERCOSUR
  3. No Arab Country has Trade Agreements with the Caribbean Countries

With the Economic Area of Oceania.

  1. Australia has a Trade Agreement with the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)

Interactions of the Arab Islamic Economic Area with the African Civilization.

  1. All the Arab Countries are part of the Afro-Arab Cooperation and therefore of the Arab Bank for Africa (BADEA)
  2. Jordan has a Trade Agreement with Egypt

Interactions of the Arab Islamic Economic Area with the Hindu Civilization.

  1. India has a trade agreement with the GCC

Interactions of the Arab Islamic Economic Area with the Orthodox Civilization.

  1. There is not an trade agreement of the Arab Countries with this Civilization

Interactions of the Arab Islamic Economic Area with the Buddhist Civilization.

  1. Singapore has a free trade agreements with the GCC and Jordan

Interactions of the Arab Islamic Economic Area with the Sinic Civilization.

  1. There is not a free trade agreement of the Arab Countries with the Sinic Civilization

Inter-civilizations Agreements of the Arab Economic Area.

  1. Oman, the Emirates, and Yemen are part of the Indian-Ocean Rim Association
  2. Asia-Middle East Dialogue
  3. Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, the UAE, Kuwait, Oman, and Qatar are members of the Asia Cooperation Dialogue
  4. Corridor of the Ashgabat Agreement

Economic Integration of the Islamic Civilization

  1. Interactions of the Islamic Civilization
  2. Central Eurasian Economic Area


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