EENI Global Business School

Trade Facilitation


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Syllabus of the Subject

Global Supply Chain and Trade Facilitation. Buy-Send-Pay Model

Trade Facilitation Programs. TFA Agreement

  1. Introduction to Trade Facilitation Programs
  2. WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement
  3. Potential Gains from Trade Facilitation
  4. The pillars of trade facilitation (transparency, simplification, harmonization and standardization)
  5. The global supply chain and the Trade Facilitation
  6. Buy-Send-Pay Model (CEFACT / UN)
  7. Action Domains of Trade Facilitation (purchases, transport, customs, payments)
  8. Reducing Trade Costs for Least Developed Countries
  9. United Nations Trade Facilitation Implementation Guide
  10. International Transport and Trade Facilitation: CMR Convention, CIM Convention, Electronic Air Waybill (e-AWB), Electronic FIATA Bill of Lading (Maritime), TIR Convention, Documents of the FIATA, International Chamber of Shipping, International Road Transport Union (IRU), International Union of Railways (UIC), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO. Chicago Convention)..
  11. Port Administration and Trade Facilitation
    1. Transport security and trade facilitation
    2. International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPSC) of the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
      1. Convention to facilitate international maritime traffic (FAL)
      2. Convention on Facilitation of International Maritime Traffic (FAL)
      3. Electronic commerce applied to the facilitation of maritime transport
  12. Customs and Border Crossings Administration.
    1. Dispatch of Cross-Border Trade
    2. The Kyoto Convention of the WCO
    3. Convention Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods
  13. Security of the Supply Chain and Trade Facilitation
  14. SAFE Framework of Standards to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade of the WCO. Authorized Economic Operator (AEO)
  15. Payment and Trade Facilitation (Buy-Send-Pay Model).
    1. Electronic Payments and Invoices
  16. Supply Chain Finance Instruments and Trade Facilitation (Letters of Credit, Guarantees, Collections, Factoring)
  17. Electronic Commerce Solutions
  18. Case Study:
    1. Single Window Implementation in Mozambique
    2. Ghana National Single Window Programme – A Phased
    3. Business Process Analysis in Cambodia
    4. Customs modernization in Jordan
    5. Interagency Collaboration for SW Implementation: Thailand's Experience
    6. Trade Facilitation and Logistics in Ukraine (IWG) as the basis for a national trade facilitation committee

The objectives of the subject «Trade Facilitation» are the following:

  1. Understand the fundamentals and domains (purchases, transport, customs, payments) of trade facilitation programs
  2. Learn about the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement
  3. Analyze the impact of trade facilitation programs on the global supply chain and related programs of major institutions
  4. Analyze the Buy-Send-Pay Model (CEFACT / UN)

African Students (Masters Foreign Trade)

Sample - Trade Facilitation:
Trade Facilitation. TFA Agreement. Customs. Payments. Global Supply Chain

Non-tariff Measures to Trade

  1. International Maritime Transport Facilitation of the International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  2. Electronic commerce applied to the maritime transport facilitation
  3. International Road Transport Facilitation of the International Road Transport Organization (IRU)
  4. Trade Negotiations Among Developing Countries
  5. Global System of Trade Preferences

FIATA transport documents:

  1. Negotiable Combined Transport Bill of Lading (FBL)
  2. FIATA Multimodal Waybill FWB
  3. e-Bill of Lading
  4. Forwarders Certificate of Receipt (FCR)
  5. Forwarders Certificate of Transport (FCT)
  6. Warehouse Receipt

International Convention on the Harmonization of Frontier Controls of Goods. Economic Commission for Europe

Trade Facilitation

In a highly globalized and competitive economy, companies, governments and trade blocs seek to implement measures that simplify exports and imports, that is, measures to facilitate Foreign Trade.

These measures should facilitate the attraction of foreign direct investments, the competitiveness of all agents in the foreign trade chain and the integration of markets.

In recent years, significant progress has been made in trade facilitation: reduction of the quota system and tariffs. However, there is still a lack of transparency in many regulations, excessively bureaucratic customs clearance processes (slow and expensive), disproportionate documentary requirements...

The WTO has included trade facilitation in multilateral trade negotiations.

Virtually all free trade agreements include chapters on foreign trade facilitation.

The main objective of the trade facilitation programs implemented by governments is to improve cross-border trade (time, costs, security).

Many institutions at the global and regional level have developed trade facilitation programs: UN, UNCTAD, World Customs Organization, IATA, UNECE (Economic Commission for Europe) and IMO.

International Maritime Organization (IMO) FAL Convention, SOLAS, Transport of goods by Sea

Sources: United Nations Economic Commission for Europe and UNCITRAL.

WTO agreements related to trade facilitation:

  1. Agreement on Customs Valuation
  2. Preshipment Inspection
  3. Agreement on Preshipment Inspection
  4. Agreement on Rules of Origin

See also:

  1. Technical Barriers to Trade
  2. Non-automatic Import licensing, quotas and prohibitions
  3. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures. Agreement on Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
  4. GATS
  5. Safeguards. Agreement on Safeguards
  6. World Customs Organization (WCO)
  7. Customs and the WTO

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