EENI Global Business School

Arab League. Middle East, North Africa, MENA



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Syllabus of the Subject

League of Arab States (LAS) Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia


  1. Introduction to the Arab League
    1. The Arab World
    2. The MENA region (Middle East and North Africa)
  2. Economy of the Arab region
  3. International trade of the Arab Countries
  4. Greater Arab Free-Trade Area (GAFTA)
  5. Relationships between the League of Arab States and other regional economic organizations
  6. Afro-Arab Cooperation
  7. Arab Bank for Africa (BADEA)
  8. Case Study:
    1. Orascom Telecom
    2. Etisalat
  9. Arab Development Funds


The objectives of the subject “Arab League” are the following:

  1. To understand the aims, functions, and the affiliated institutions of the Arab League
  2. To know the economic profile of the MENA region
  3. To assess the benefits for the member countries and the areas of cooperation of the Arab League
  4. To know the Greater Arab Free-Trade Area

Online Arab Student, Master International Business


The Subject “League of Arab States” belongs to the following Online Programs taught by EENI Global Business School:

Courses: Islam & Business.

Islam and Global Business. Islamic Economic Areas

Masters: International Business, Foreign Trade, Religions & Business.

Masters in International Business and Foreign Trade (MIB)

Doctorate: Islamic Business, World Trade, Ethics, Religion & Business.

Doctorate in International Business (DIB) Online

Masters adapted to Middle East Students

Languages: Masters, Doctorate, International Business, English or Study Master Doctorate in International Business in Spanish Liga Árabe Study Doctorate in International Business in French Ligue Arabe Masters Foreign Trade in Portuguese Organization of Islamic Cooperation.

  1. Credits of the Subject “Arab League”: 1 ECTS Credits
  2. Duration: one week

Islamic Organizations. Arab League


League of Arab States

The Arab League, or the b, is a regional organization of the Arab States in the MENA region (Middle East and North Africa).

  1. The League of Arab States was formed in 1945 in Cairo (Egypt) with six members: Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and Syria
  2. Yemen joined the League of Arab States in 1945

Today, the Arab League has twenty-two members: Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, Emirates, and Yemen.

  1. The Observer States of the Arab League are Armenia, Eritrea, Brazil, Venezuela, and India

The League of Arab States is implicated in political, economic, cultural, and social programs intended to promote the interests of the Arab member economies.

  1. The League of Arab States is rich in resources, with a large petrol and natural gas resources
  2. The Arab League also has great fertile lands (Sudan, the food basket of the Arab world)

Greater Arab Free-Trade Area GAFTA: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait...

The Arab world is a rich compound of many and different influences.

  1. Various ethnic, linguistic and religious groups live in the Arab region
  2. Arabic language and Islam stand for its main cultural characteristics
  3. Arab people, spread over a huge area, benefit from common history links
  4. Arabs (21 countries) consider being part of one nation (Ummah)
  5. Arab people are united through their participation in the League of Arab States
  6. Agriculture is the main economic activity. The largest food crops are wheat, barley, rice, maize, and millet; mainly consumed within the Arab region, while cotton, sugarcane, sugar beets and sesame are exported as cash crops
  7. Only some Arab Countries have petroleum and natural gas resources
  8. Other natural resources in the Arab Countries are iron-ore, lead, phosphate, timber, and manganese
  9. Saudi Arabia is the largest economy in the Arab world
  10. Qatar is the richest developing country in the World (GDP per capita)

The Arab people use Arabic language. Farsi, the language of Iran, and Urdu, the language of Pakistan and some parts of India, are written in Arabic script. The influence of Arabic language has been most important in the Islamic Countries. Arabic influence on other languages: Sindhi, Punjabi, Gujarati, Berber, Kurdish, Pashto, Persian, Swahili, Urdu, Hindustani, Turkish, Cypriot Greek, Malay, Rohingya, Bengali, Tagalog (the Philippines) or Indonesian.

The Arab League belongs to:

  1. Islamic Civilization
  2. African Civilization

MENA region (Middle East and North Africa)

  1. Middle East: Bahrain, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Palestine (Israeli-occupied Gaza Strip and West Bank), Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Turkey, Emirates (UAE), Yemen
  2. North African Countries: Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia

The MENA region (Middle East and North Africa) has huge petroleum and natural gas reserves that make it an essential source of global economic stability. The MENA region has 70% of the petroleum reserve and 46% of the natural gas reserves in the World.



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