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Sri Ramakrishna (Harmony of Religions) Hinduism

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Syllabus of the Subject

Swami Vivekananda. Harmony of Religions (Sri Ramakrishna, Hinduism) Ethics

Harmony of Religions. Sri Ramakrishna Principle and Global Business

  1. Ethical Renewal of Hinduism
  2. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa: The Prophet of “Harmony of Religions”
  3. Swami Vivekananda
  4. Mahatma Gandhi

Hinduism: Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa, Swami Vivekananda
Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa, Hinduism. Harmonny of Religions

Online Student Master in International Business

Bhagavad Gita, Sri Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda. Nonell
Gita Institute.

Foreign Trade and Business in India (Bharat)

Global Ethics and International Business: Ahimsa (Non-Violence) and Harmony of Religions (Sri Ramakrishna)

In the 19th century, under the full British domination, several spiritual wises started a profound renewal of Hinduism in India, complaining even of some of their traditional values, e.g., abolishing the caste system and ultimately converting Hinduism into a religion with a strong ethical pillars (Hindu Civilization).

Three figures are fundamental in this renewal:

  1. Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa
  2. Swami Vivekananda
  3. Mahatma Gandhi

Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa (Gadadhar Chattopadhyay, 1836 - 1886) is one of the most influential spiritual leaders of Humanity in recent centuries. His message of peace (Ahimsa) and especially that all the religions are valid (Principle of Harmony of Religions); they are different paths to God are laying the foundations for a new global ethics.

The important message of Sri Ramakrishna Paramahansa about the Harmony of Religions and tolerance that derives from it, should be a fundamental component of a global ethic.

It is crucial to point out that Ramakrishna not said that all the religions are equal, nor that it was necessary to create a global religion.

He recognized the differences between the religions but revealed that, despite these differences, all the religions lead to the same ultimate goal, and therefore all are valid and rightful. This point of view is today known as “pluralism”: Sri Ramakrishna is its principal author.

He sought during twelve years to God through Hinduism, but also through Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism. In his words, the result was always the same:

“The same God was revealed, incarnated in Christ, speaking through the Prophet Muhammad, or like Vishnu the Preserver or Shiva the Finisher.”

From this mystical experience, derived the beautiful teaching of the essential unity of higher religions, so it is known as the “prophet of harmony between the religions.”

“God has made different religions to suit the different aspirations, times, and countries. All doctrines are only so many paths, but a path is by no means God Himself.

The same single material, water, has different names for different peoples, one calls water, another eau, a third aqua, and another pani, in the same way, that the Evergreen- Intelligent-Bliss is invoked by some as God, by others as Allah, by others, Hari (Lord), and by others, Brahman.

Take a bow and worship where others kneel, for which so many have paid a tribute of veneration, the good Lord should, as it is all compassion.

The Savior is the messenger of God. So whenever there is any waning of religion in any part of the World, God sends His Savior there. It is one and the same Savior that, having plunged into the ocean of life, rises up in one place and is known as Sri Krishna, and diving again rises in another place and is known as Christ.

Everyone should follow his religion. A Christian should follow Christianity; a Muslim should follow Islam, and so on. For Hinduism, the old way, the way of the Aryan wises is the best.”

Many Hindus even consider him a divine incarnation. For Mahatma Gandhi:

“Ramakrishna was an incarnation of divinity. Their words are not those of a merely learned man, are the pages of the book of life. They are Revelations of their experiences. Ramakrishna's life has been a lesson of Ahimsa (Non-Violence). Their love knew no boundaries, geographical or otherwise. May his divine love be an inspiration to all.”

Ahimsa (Non-Violence) and International Business. Jainism

The great British historian Arnold Toynbee, one of the pioneers in the West to understand this vision of Sri Ramakrishna, wrote:

“The principle of Non-Violence of Mahatma Gandhi and Sri Ramakrishna's testimony to Harmony of Religions: here we have the approach and spirit that can make it possible for the human race to grow together into one family.”

Swami Vivekananda (1863 - 1902), was a monk (Hinduism) and the major disciple of Sri Ramakrishna. He was a key figure in the introduction of the Indian philosophies of Vedanta and Yoga in the Western, the revival of Hinduism in India as well as in the development of the idea of nationalism in colonial India. Vivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Math and Ramakrishna Mission.

In the first Parliament of Religions of the World (Chicago 1893), Swami Vivekananda gave a speech still remembered today and considered essential in the dialogue between the religions:

“I am a Hindu. And I feel fine. Christian should be a good Christian. Muslim a good Muslim. Hinduism cannot live without Buddhism, and Hinduism not exists without Buddhism.”

Ahmadou Hampaté Bá (Muslim, Mali) is an excellent example of the Sri Ramakrishna principle.

Ahmadou Hampaté Bá, Ethnologist (Mali) In Africa, when an old man dies, a library disappears

Religions and Business.

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Knowledge leads to unity, but Ignorance to diversity