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African Transport Corridors, Highways

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Syllabus of the Subject

Trans-African Road Network: Cairo-Dakar, Algiers-Lagos, Tripoli-Windhoek

  1. Introduction to the African Transport Corridors
  2. Almaty Programme of Action (United Nations)
  3. Trans-African Road Network/Trans-African Corridors
  4. Cairo-Dakar Corridor
  5. Algiers-Lagos Corridor (Trans-Saharan)
  6. Tripoli-Windhoek Corridor
  7. Cairo-Gaborone Corridor
  8. Trans-Sahelian Highway (Dakar-N’Djamena Corridor)
  9. N’Djamena-Djibouti Corridor
  10. Dakar-Lagos Corridor
  11. Lagos-Mombasa Corridor
  12. Beira-Lobito Corridor (Trans-African Highway 9)
  13. Northern Corridor
  14. Central Corridor
  15. North-South Corridor
  16. CEMAC Trade Corridor Project
  17. Eastern and Central Africa Corridors
  18. Lobito Corridor
  19. Corridors in the SADC region
  20. Logistics Corridors in Namibia
  21. West and Central Africa Trucking Competitiveness
  22. Asia-Africa Corridor
  23. Benin-Niger-Burkina Faso-Ivory Coast Railway loop

African Northern Corridor (Burundi, Rwanda, Kenya, and Uganda)

The objectives of the subject “African Transport Corridors” are the following:

  1. To know the state of African Road freight transport
  2. To analyze the four types of African corridors (unimodal, multimodal, logistic and economic)
  3. To learn about the features of the main transport corridors in Africa
  4. To know how to access to African landlocked countries through the transport corridors
  5. To identify the causes of the high costs of Road Transport in Africa
  6. To understand the concept of a corridor as an engine of African socio-economic development

African Students (Masters Foreign Trade)

Fifteen African Countries are landlocked: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, the Central African Republic, Ethiopia, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Niger, Rwanda, Eswatini, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

Implications for these countries:

  1. High Logistics costs (up to 77%)
  2. Too far from the largest African and World markets
  3. Cannot take enough advantage of Globalization model

Benefits of African corridors for landlocked countries:

  1. Gateway for the country (import and export of goods)
  2. Regional economic development: Concept of Corridor as engine of the socio-economic development
  3. New industry and related services
  4. Creates employment

According to the “Regional Integration and Trade Department” of the NEPAD, there are four types of African corridors.

  1. Transport (only one mode)
  2. Multimodal (more than one mode, for example, Road and Rail transport)
  3. Logistics (the institutional framework has been harmonized, related high-value services)
  4. Economic (Furthermore, attraction of investments - public and private-, new economic activities in the corridor region)

The Trans-African Roads (economic area of the African Civilization) consists of nine corridors.

Highway From - To Kilometers
1 Cairo-Dakar 8,640
2 Algiers-Lagos 4,500
3 Tripoli-Windhoek 9,610
4 Cairo-Gaborone 8,860
5 Dakar-N’Djamena 4,500
6 N’Djamena-Djibouti 4,220
7 Dakar-Lagos 4,010
8 Lagos-Mombasa 6,260
9 Beira-Lobito 3,520
TOTAL 54,120

These African Corridors should connect with direct routes all the African capitals, improve the Road transport facilities and finally contribute to the Economic Integration of the African continent.

  1. 54,000 kilometers
  2. Near 25% of African corridors are missing links
  3. Estimated cost to complete the Trans-African Roads: 4.2 billion dollars
  4. Main promoters: the African Union, NEPAD, and all the Regional Economic Communities

Algiers-Lagos Corridor - Trans-Saharan Highway: Algeria, Niger, Nigeria, Mali, and Tunisia

Djibouti-N’Djamena Corridor: Sudan, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Djibouti, and Chad

  1. Maritime Transport in Africa.
  2. Intra-African trade
  3. International Guidelines on Safe Load Securing for Road Transport

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